With the most stringent of the Covid-19 lockdown measures having taken place in the second quarter, and with economic activity picking up in the third quarter, homeowners’ sentiment towards real estate has improved, albeit modestly. As with Q2, in Q3 the most bullish sentiment could be found in Egypt; and in the Gulf, sentiment in Saudi Arabia was noticeably more positive than the United Arab Emirates. Within the UAE, 50% of owners expect to see prices remain stable or increase in the next 12 months; whereas 80% of renters are expecting to negotiate lower rent when their current lease expires.
In the UAE, renters whose lease expired during Q3 were able to negotiate significant decreases. Roughly a third of all respondents reported seeing their rent decline by 10% or more; 46% reported a decline in rent of less than 10%. No respondents reported rent increases. Overall, the survey suggests that rents in Q3 2020 versus Q2 2019 fell by between 5 and 10%.
The vast majority of UAE renters (80% of respondents) continue to believe that rents will fall as leases expire in the coming 12 months. While concerning for landlords, this figure is marginally lower than in Q2, when 84% of renters reported expecting their rent to fall in the coming year. The responses also signal that the rate of decline is slowing: in Q2, for instance, 36% of respondents expected rents to decline by 5 to 10% in the coming 12 months; this proportion has now fallen to 28%.
Homeowners in the UAE are significantly more positive on the outlook for the next 12 months than renters. This may reflect their own interests. However, given that rent negotiations are backward looking, incorporating market movements over the past 12 months, more positive sentiment from homeowners may be a genuine signal that there is light at the end of tunnel for the housing market.
At the end of Q2, 59% of homeowners reported their expectation for home values to fall in the following 12 months, with around half of those expecting prices to decline by 10% or more. In Q3, this number has fallen to 50%, with just under two-thirds of this group expecting prices to fall by less than 10%.
Of the 50% that believe that prices will remain the same or increase in the next 12 months, two-thirds (or 33% of the all respondents) believe prices will increase, one-third that prices will remain the same. This is a significant shift from Q2, when only 11% of all respondents thought prices would increase in the next 12 months. A significant portion of respondents appear to view Q2 2020, and the deep Covid-related economic slowdown, as marking the lows of the current real estate cycle.
While UAE renters are still expecting to negotiate lower rents in the next 12 months; more renters are now contemplating buying homes in the coming year than were 3 months ago. At the end of Q2, 63% of respondents said they were less likely in the next 12 months to buy a home than in the previous 12 months. That figure has now dropped to 48%.
In summary, in the UAE, while overall sentiment remains negative, respondents to our survey are signalling that the rate of decline has slowed. But it is clearly too early to say that the market has stabilized.
Sentiment continues to be better in Saudi Arabia and Egypt than in the UAE. Saudi’s residential market, particularly in Riyadh, rebounded strongly in the second half of 2019, on the back of better non-oil economic growth and a boom in the mortgage market. While sentiment has probably taken a hit from Covid, the majority of respondents in Saudi Arabia (59%) still reported expecting prices and rents to increase in the next 12 months. In Egypt, the bull market seems largely unaected by Covid – with 72% of respondents expecting prices and rents to rise in the coming 12 months. Inflationary expectations appear to be well entrenched.
|The charts below demonstrate the marked dierences in home sentiment in the region between the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. On the face of it, the dierences between Egypt and the Gulf look quite remarkable in the context of Covid-19. However, in many respects, more bullish sentiment in Egypt just reflects the relative strength of its economy.
Take consensus 2020 GDP estimates. While growth in the Egyptian economy is expected to show sharply, from 5.6% in 2019 to 1.9% in 2020, the economy is still expected to grow; marking Egypt out as one of the few countries in the world that will report growth. This contrasts sharply to Saudi Arabia and the UAE, where GDP is expected to shrink by 4.5% and 5.4% respectively in 2020.
While Covid has reduced the proportion of respondents expecting prices to increase in the next 12 months (from 28% in Q2 to 14% in Q1), Saudi Arabia real estate continues to benefit from strong government support for higher homeownership facilitated by a better functioning mortgage market.
Focus on UAE
The Peninsula Home Sentiment Index for the UAE increased to 45; having previously fallen to 42 in Q2 2020. The improvement in sentiment was driven by a noticeable increase in the expectations of homeowners.
A score of under 50 represents, on balance, more negative than positive sentiment. With a score of 45, the survey respondents were signalling their expectation for the real estate market (prices and rents) to fall by around 5% in the next 12 months.
The improvement in homeowners’ sentiment oers a better leading indicator than renters’ expectations, as rent negotiations factor in market changes in the previous 12 months. Renters are still expecting rents to drop by just under 10% when current leases expire.
A Home Sentiment Survey measures consumer sentiment towards the residential property market. It allows for the creation of an index, which is derived from regular surveys of a representative sample of homeowners and renters. The survey can determine sentiment regarding buying, selling, investing in, renting of and renovating property, as well as property market conditions in general.
Survey findings are useful in informing a variety of decisions made by stakeholders: from developers, government authorities, individual buyers, renters and investors.
ABOUT PENINSULA REAL ESTATE AND OUR PARTNERS
PENINSULA is an investment and research company that is identifying trends, opportunities and challenges in the MENA real estate market.
ELTIZAM ASSET MANAGEMENT GROUP (Eltizam)is a leading physical asset management company based in the UAE, with an expanding presence across the GCC and MENA regions. Through its group companies, Eltizam provides best-in-class services for the built environment (residential, commercial, retail, industrial and infrastructure asset classes) supporting asset owners to maximize long term returns on assets.
CBRE GROUP, INC. is the world’s largest commercial real estate services and investment firm (based on 2019 revenue). CBRE oers a broad range of integrated services, including facilities, transaction and project management; property management; investment management; appraisal and valuation; property leasing; strategic consulting; property sales; mortgage services and development services.
CITYSCAPE INTELLIGENCE, part of Cityscape the world leading global real estate event series, is a brand new content hub that connects the industry to global real estate news and market intelligence.
BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY HOMESERVICES GULF PROPERTIES is the regions premier real estate agency providing expert advice and support to our clients, across many key real estate markets across the world.
This report has been issued by Peninsula Real Estate Management Limited (“Peninsula”) for informational purposes only. It does not purport to be a complete analysis of the topics discussed, which are inherently unpredictable. It has been based on information collected from raw data sources, which Peninsula believes to be reliable. Peninsula has not independently verified those sources and makes no guarantee, representation or warranty as to its accuracy or completeness. The data published in this report is based on responses that we received to a questionnaire sent out by Peninsula during March 2020 and more widely distributed through our partners Eltizam, CBRE, Cityscape and Berkshire Hathaway Home Services. The raw data has not been amended, weighted or seasonally adjusted; we do not, therefore, claim the findings to be statistically significant; nor, as a result, can we guarantee that they accurately reflect real estate sentiment in the MENA region. The sentiment measures published in this report should not be assumed to be accurate predictions of future property market performance. Peninsula accepts no responsibility or liability in respect thereof or for any reliance placed by any person on such information. All opinions and views expressed in the report reflect our judgment at this date and are subject to change without notice. Statements that are forward-looking involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause future realities to be materially different from those implied by such forward-looking statements. No investment or other business decisions should be made based on the views expressed in this report. This document may not be reproduced or circulated without the prior written consent of Peninsula.
Chief economist, Dr Christopher Payne takes an in-depth look at Dubai’s housing market Dr. Christopher Payne, Chief Economist, Peninsula Real Estate | Jun 28, 2021 Two facts present themselves. On the one hand, Dubai’s residential real estate has been in a bear market for several years. Yet, on the other hand, transaction volumes in 2021 […]
UAE residents turn bullish on property price, rent prospects. New survey reveals 53 percent of respondents expect prices to rise or remain stable compared to 31 percent in October Residential real estate market in both Abu Dhabi and Dubai weakened in 2020, with apartment rents in Dubai declining by over 15 percent, and sales prices […]
The UAE’s real estate sector is set for a long climb back. But after the challenges of 2020, but there are glimmers of hope Property Finder said residential sales transactions in Dubai rose by 64 percent from May to June Despite being among the many driving forces for the UAE’s economic growth over the past […]